Enter 3D Scanning.Scanning allows for a camera and software to be used in the creation of 3D surfaces. There are many methods and technologies for scanning but most work on a simple principle. If you are able to take multiple images of the same object from various perspectives it is possible to combine the images in a 3D space. Additionally images from the same persepective independently defined lighting can also be used to create a 3D texture map or model of an object. Often this requires an elaborate setup (some of which will soon be reviewed here) but an enterprising research from the University of Georgia has found a way to achieve a decent 3D scan using just an iPhone. Trimensional App blog.
I purchased the app in the app store to try it out. Typically a software package that does something so complex would cost much more but this one is available for $0.99. Great job Apple on convincing developers that this low rate will increase sales. In my case it certainly worked as less than $1 meant it was cheap enough at least to try out for fun, exporting in a 3D format however costs an additional $4.99 with available options of OBJ, STL, and PLY.
All you need to do is step in a dark room and let the phone do the work. The app is designed for an iPhone but on an iPad the 2X function allows for lighting from a larger area and even though it is not the complete edges of the device the result still is reasonable. Below are some of my scans.
More elaborate setups for hobbisyts include such items as the DAVID Laserscanner while those looking for an off the shelf commerical grade scanner should look into Konica Minolta, NextEngine, or ZCorp.